Two recent major studies by Manuel Castells and Michael Hardt and Antonio Negri have addressed the future of the capitalist economy, the modern state, and social struggles in the light of new information and communication technologies, new paradigms of production, and the dynamic of globalization.
Q. Why did you become a Marxist and why do you remain a Marxist? Moreover, how can you justify your version of Marxism as Marxism?
A. This is a very interesting question. I never reflected on this issue and then made the decision from one day to the next. It was not like a religious conversion. You do not wake up one day and say “Oh my God, I’m a Marxist” and then elaborate the reasons.
This article re-interprets and develops Polanyi’s substantive institutionalist analysis of capitalist market economies and the market society in the light of two more recent approaches to the same issues. These are the Parisian ‘regulation school’ on contemporary capitalism and systems-theoretical accounts of the modern economy. All three regard the capitalist economy (or, for autopoietic systems theory, the market economy) as an operationally autonomous system that is nonetheless socially embedded and needful of complex forms of social regulation.
This on-line version is the pre-copyedited, preprint, English version. The published version can be found here: ‘Zur Relevanz von Luhmann’s Systemtheorie und von Laclau und Mouffe`s Diskursanalyse für die Weiterentwicklung der marxistischen Staatstheorie’, in J. Hirsch, J. Kannankulam and J. Wissel, eds, Der Staat der bürger-lichen Gesellschaft. zum Staatsverständnis von Karl Marx, Baden-Baden: Nomos, 157-179,…